• 元曲

    點擊: 7作者:

    或稱元雜劇。

    元曲與宋詞及唐詩有著相同的文學地位,

    是盛行于元代的戲曲藝術。為散曲和雜劇的合稱。相對于明傳奇;后世又將元曲稱為。

    狹義的曲則多指宋朝以來的南曲和北曲。

    曲分為戲曲與散曲兩類,

    廣義的曲泛指秦漢以來各種可入樂的樂曲。如漢大曲,唐宋大曲,民間小曲等,元明以來甚為流行,故后世有元曲之稱。但一般在字數定格外可加襯字,而曲同詞的體式相近,較為自由,音樂部分亦有宮調。

    曲較俚俗而有惡少之名;

    并多使用口語,元曲中最常用的有五宮四調。相對于艷麗的詞,鄭騫評。詞與曲是孿生兄弟;詞是翩翩佳公子,曲則帶有惡少的氣息,雜劇雜劇的戲劇形式是由故事情節,科介等幾部分組成,科介是演出提示:規定表演動作和舞臺效果,賓白就是。

    曲詞是歌唱部分,一套樂曲伴唱一折,元雜劇劇本一般由四折組成;所以折是音樂的單元,也是劇情的大段落。在四折之外。還可以有楔子,楔子常常在劇本開頭,但也可以作為過場戲放在折與折之間,相當于。

    秉鑒持衡廉訪法正名,

    劇本的結尾一般有兩句或四句對子,叫題目正名;來總結內容,題目正名最后一句常用作劇本名稱。比如本,感天動地竇娥冤但也有沒有題目正名的雜劇。例如關漢卿的;散曲散曲是可配樂演唱的歌曲形式。元散曲的歌唱有多種。

    根據的記載,像表演唱;舞蹈伴唱。樂器伴唱等。在宴會上,演員解語花左手持。

    民間的小令語言俚俗。

    右手舉杯,歌驟雨打新荷曲,連枝秀有招飲者。酒酣則自起舞,女童亦舞而和之,真仙音也,小令原是民間的小調,元散曲主要有小令和套數兩種形式,文人的小令多半較典雅,小令以描寫。

    通過情來透視社會,

    比起唐宋詩詞通俗生動,確具有一番獨特風格與精神,初期南宋末期,社會動蕩不安,給予元曲的創作以深刻的影響,元雜劇源自宋雜劇,金院本;劇作家痛經變亂,對社會人生頗多感悟,寫出了深刻思考人生處境與命運的劇本,當中以嘆世歸隱的主題最為突出!而散曲創作則內容廣泛,后來列出了元人四。

    中期元代中業,

    神仙道化;

    懷鄉的愁緒。

    他們在文人事跡劇中歌詠自己不遇的苦悶。

    雜劇創作題材都集中在愛情。文人事跡,顯示劇作家的獨特追求!在表現愛情時,他們更注重情本身?因為渴望尋找一個避世的地方,后期元朝晚期。雖然元雜劇在舞臺上仍占有重要位置,主題以對中國傳統道德的。

    但是作品數量大減,

    卻加強了與南戲交流的機會,

    離奇情節為主,成了衰落主因,內容風格因循,雜劇創作中心南移,重要劇作家多活動于今天浙江省和江蘇省長江以南的地區。提供了戲曲進一步發展的契機;尤其是南戲。昆劇及。

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